Lesbians in Islam: the ignored group?

I was reading on a private blog once about homosexuality and Islam. The writer quoted from an Islamic question and answer website a ‘fatwa’ (religious declaration/judgment) against homosexuality. This prompted me to explore what http://www.islamqa.com/ had to say on the topic. I found a lot of interesting answers to questions related to homosexuality posted by readers.

Is homosexuality a sin?

Undoubtedly the sin of homosexuality is one of the worst sins; indeed, it is one of the major sins (kabaa’ir) that Allaah has forbidden. Allaah destroyed the people of Loot (peace be upon him) with the most terrifying kinds of punishment because they persisted in their sin and made this evil action commonplace and acceptable among themselves.

Several verses are quoted after this answer and a few ahadith are cited as well that basically denounce homosexuality and order swift execution of homosexuals. However not one of the quoted hadith is from either Bukahri or Muslim – the two most authentic books on ahadith. The verses also do not refer to ‘sodomy’ explicitly.

Is homosexuality a sin for men and women?

There is no doubt among the fuqahaa’ that lesbianism is haraam and is a major sin, as stated by al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allaah have mercy on him). (Al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah, part 24, p. 251).

Apparently, Quran is explicit about sodomy as a sin and according to scholars refers to such sinners as “people of Lot” which is interpreted as homosexuals. However, there is no mention of lesbians in the Quran and no authentic hadith against lesbianism. It is only the scholars who claim that lesbianism is a major sin.

What is the punishment for homosexuality under Islam?

With regard to the specific type of punishment mentioned in the question – stoning to death – this kind of punishment is for the adulterer who is married. The shar’i punishment for the crime of homosexuality is execution – by the sword, according to the most correct view – as was narrated in the discussion above about the differences among the scholars as to how this execution should be carried out. As far as lesbianism is concerned, there is no hadd for it, but it is subject to ta’zeer [unspecified punishment to be determined at the discretion of the qaadi]. (al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah, part 24, p. 253).

The scholars of Islam, such as Maalik, al-Shaafi’i, Ahmad and Ishaaq said that (the person guilty of this crime) should be stoned, whether he is married or unmarried…Al-Tirmidhi (1456), Abu Dawood (4462) and Ibn Maajah (2561) narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever you find doing the action of the people of Loot, execute the one who does it and the one to whom it is done.” Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Tirmidhi…The Sahaabah were unanimously agreed on the executing of homosexuals, but they diffired as to how they were to be executed …Some of them, such as Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq and ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with them) thought that they should be burned to death. Some of them, such as Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) thought that they should be thrown from a tall building followed by stoning. Some of them thought that they should be stoned to death, which was narrated from both ‘Ali and Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them).

Any type of punishment and especially stoning to death and execution by sword is a punishment set by scholars and sahaba. Specific execution style is not even mentioned in ahadith quoted by Tirmidi. Tirmidi is considered not as authentic as Bukhari or Muslim. Also, interestingly all punishments are reserved for gay men; the scholars did not come up with any punishment for lesbians.

Does homosexuality make a Muslim a kafir?

Homosexuality is a major sin which deserves the most severe of punishments in this world and in the Hereafter. But the person who does that cannot be described as a kaafir because of that, unless he thinks that it is permissible and claims that it is halaal – in which he is to be denounced as a kaafir. But simply doing it whilst admitting that it is haraam does not put a Muslim beyond the pale of Islam. He is still a Muslim, but he is exposed to the wrath of Allaah and is committing a major sin.

Can a gay man get married?

If he truly repents to Allaah, Allaah will accept his repentance, and he does not need to confess his sin to anyone so that the hadd punishment would be carried out on him. (Majmoo’ al-Fataawaa, part 34, p. 180)… If he repents sincerely towards Allaah, there is no reason why he should not get married, and indeed it may be obligatory in his case, as a protection for him and in accordance with what Allaah has permitted. And Allaah knows best. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad.

How do we know if a gay has repented sincerely and is ready to get married because “it may be obligatory in his case, as a protection for him”? Does it mean a man can hide the fact that he was gay from his prospective wife?

What if a good Muslim wife finds out her husband is gay?

A married man committing sodomy! … Your husband has committed a great sin, from which he must repent before death comes to him and he is subject to the wrath and vengeance of Allaah and loss in this world and in the Hereafter… You have to advise him, after being certain that he has indeed done this, and remind him that Allaah is always watching him and that the Shaytaan is keen to mislead him, so that perhaps he may stop committing this sin… But if he does not stop this sin and give up this evil action, then warn him that you will demand a divorce, and that may make him stop. Note that living with this man – if he does not stop what he is doing – will result you and your children also being exposed to punishment, and you may also contract a disease that he has gotten as a result of his perverse actions.

Few questions arise here. First, a woman will be quite sure that her husband is gay before she writes to a sheikh; shouldn’t the sheikh know this rather than say be “certain that he has indeed done this”? Second, I thought the punishment for a married gay was stoning to death! What happened to the stoning part? He’s married, the wife is reporting the crime, what are we waiting for?!

All quotes are from http://www.islamqa.com/

****

I couldn’t find anything directly discussing lesbianism in the Quran or Sunnah/Hadith. If anyone has anything, please do share. Almost all verses that can be interpreted to discuss homosexuality refer to sodomy as practiced by the people of Lot. There is no hadith in either Bukhari or Muslim on lesbianism per se. The closest hadith I could find in Sahih Muslim is:

‘Abd al-Rahman, the son of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri, reported from his father: The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said: A man should not see the private parts of another man, and a woman should not see the private parts of another woman, and a man should not lie with another man under one covering, and a woman should not lie with another woman under one covering.

The closest declaration on punishment for lesbianism I could find is:

As for the punishment of lesbianism, there is no specific punishment given in the Qur’an for lesbianism; however, Muslim jurists state that it is a punishable offence and that the punishment is a form of discipline. The punishment is to be set by the Muslim ruler according to the circumstances of the crime and the one who commits it. The lesbian’s testimony is unacceptable because she is an evildoer. (See Al-Mawsu`ah Al-Fiqhiyyah, 24/253)

Ibn Qudamah (may Allah have mercy on him) states: “If two women masturbate one another, then they are cursed fornicators”. (See Al-Mughni, 10/162)

Some scholars, like Al-`Izz Ibn `Abd As-Salam, say that a lesbian is not permitted to look at a Muslim woman, and that a Muslim woman is not permitted to uncover (take off her Hijab) in front of a lesbian, because she is an evildoer who cannot be trusted not to describe her attitude towards others… “Muslim Jurists agree that a witness should be morally sound. A pervert cannot be taken as a witness. Since lesbianism is an act of perversion, a lesbian cannot be a witness. Even with the jurists not declaring this openly, it can still be understood from their words and conditions.” (Source: http://www.islamonline.net/)

  • Why do you think Muslim men are somewhat silent and clueless about lesbianism? Is it because female homosexuality is seen as a lesser sin than sodomy or is it that Muslim men do not believe that lesbianism is a reality? Or do they not consider lesbianism a worthy threat since it is not “a crime against the rights of females?
  • Why did the scholars and Companions not decide on a specific punishment for lesbians? Why are lesbians left at the mercy of individual Muslim judges who have no clear guidelines to follow?
  • Why can’t a lesbian not be a witness whereas no such condition is placed for a gay man?
  • Is it possible that female homosexuality is seen as benign preoccupation and not as adultery (like male homosexuality) since “precious male seed” is not being wasted? What is the Islamic definition of adultery and why does lesbianism not fall into it?
  • Finally what implications does it have for Muslim feminists?

Edited to add: Please go over and read Zuhura’s analytical post on Is Homosexuality a Sin?

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19 thoughts on “Lesbians in Islam: the ignored group?

  1. Sophia says:

    I think there is a prevalent attitude in much of society (not just in Muslim society/history) that women are not sexual creatures, at least not to the same extent as men. Also, IMO, men can believe a guy would want another guy… because men are soooooo awesome, after all. But a woman wanting another woman instead of a man, rejecting the sexual greatness of all men everywhere – inconceivable! So of course female homosexuality is harder to believe – its too scary to believe a woman capable of real sexual satisfaction without a man in the picture.

    I have seen some people equate lesbianism with adultery/fornication, at least as far as punishment is concerned, but I don’t have reliable sources. I’m curious… how do bisexual women fit in to all this?

    I think their are some Muslim feminists out there who might want more rights for women, but still hold mainstream-Islamic views on homosexuality. I personally have no problem with homosexuality and have had many gay friends over the years. Still, I do believe everyone is entitled to an opinion, even when I strongly disagree. I hope that Muslim feminists in general will be able to support equal rights for all, in order to be fair. Even if one feels that homosexuality is morally wrong, its also wrong to force that belief on others, IMO.

    • Metis says:

      That is a very interesting perspective and I must say quite a possible explanation as well. I am already writing an article on equality between genders in Islam and I’ll talk more about this in it but I feel that the fact that punishment for lesbians is a hazy boundary is because treatment of the two genders in marriage is not equal.

      I found from ‘Sharaya and Sharh Lum’a’ and ‘Takmilah’ that some scholars prescribe that for two homosexual males, the ‘active’ partner is to be lashed a hundred times if he is unmarried and killed if he is married. The ‘passive’ partner is to be killed regardless of his marital status! That is because he tries to act like a woman – only a woman should receive the sperm because she is the Tilth (according to Quran). Any man who is created by God to be the sower of seed, the superior and ‘active’ partner but acts like a ‘passive’ partner must be put to death. That was a real eye-opener for me personally. It means there is this inherent belief that being a woman is an inferior and passive position unworthy of a man.

      In the same books the punishment for lesbians is lashing hundred times if they are unmarried and stoned to death if they are married.

      But life is not so simple! In most male gay couples the partners take equal turns in being ‘active’; what to do with them? Stone them both or lash them both because after all they have been active and passive?!

      Similarly what if in two lesbians one is married and the other is not? What if they are both divorced? What happens if one is divorced and the other is unmarried?

      And let’s not forget that there is nothing in the Quran about all this.

  2. sarah says:

    I do think that Islam talks of homosexuality. The ‘people’ of lot is plural and presumably includes both men and women. I do not believe that stoning is a punishment for adultery or homosexuality. Neither does the Quran say that such feelings are unnatural – it explains that they are not according to God’s design for life. I think such feelings are natural perhaps even more so in those highly segregated countries where women are often oppressed by males in many spheres of their lives. Love and sexual attraction are natural emotions put there by God but morality is the act of applying the correct action at the correct time. Morality is not each person being allowed to act upon their instinct or feelings without any attempt to control them (by the individual).

    However, I do believe practicing homosexuality is a sin. But there are two points I want to mention in reference to Chapter 4, verse 15

    And those of your women who are guilty of lewdness — call to witness four of you against them; and if they bear witness, then confine them to the houses until death overtake them or Allah open for them a way

    1) You have to call four witnesses against them. The expression the prophet used was that a witness must ‘see the pen dipping into the ink pot’. Now, this is highly unlikely to happen unless the people are doing it in public and unless the woman confesses or four witnesses are brought then no action can be taken against her.

    2)Women are to be confined to their houses. No as Islam already madates segregation and covering of the body this is an extra instruction. Presumably this lewdness may have ocurred between women otherwise it may say ‘keep them seperate from men’. Here however they are punnished by being confined to the home and one implication is that because they were openly and brazenly being lewd in public whilst amongst females and not necessarily whilst amongst a mixed group.

    I once heard the explanation that this verse is there because it is the public nature of the homosexuality which is seen as a threat to the moral guidance of the society in general. This was why I made the point earlier that Islam does not condone the social acceptance of homosexuality (for either men or women) although if people are doing things in their own home then unless there are four witnesses then no punnishment (or even investigation) is prescribed. It is a private matter between the inidivdual and God and measures against it are only recommended when it becomes openly practiced in public.

    That’s just my two cents worth any way althoug I’m sure people may disagree.

    • Metis says:

      Sarah, Thanks for your comment.

      From my understanding the people of Lot were only male homosexuals since the verse 81 from chapter 7 states clearly that:

      “For you practise your lusts on men in preference to women: you are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds.”

      It is inconceivable to me that early Islam would ignore lesbianism since at least the caliphs were very strict when punishing gay men. But I don’t understand the implications of these hazy boundaries about lesbians on Muslim Feminism. Certainly I am not pushing Muslim clerics to set punishments for lesbians! But I want to understand why clerics have not really understood female homosexuality and how do MFs understand this discrepancy.

      Verse 4:15 is interesting because 4:16 according to my understanding refers explicitly to gay men:

      If two (men) among you are guilty of lewdness, punish them both. If they repent and amend, Leave them alone; for Allah is Oft-returning, Most Merciful.

      This would actually mean that the Prophet did not stone or kill gays and also that the punishment for lesbians (if 4:15 indeed refers to them) is greater than that for gay men since they are to be incarcerated in their homes for life. Such interesting discussion! I am learning so much and will be thinking about this. What do you think?

  3. You’ve raised very interesting questions. I’ll try to answer each one!

    – I think Muslim men are silent and clueless about lesbianism because they do not care and turn a blind eye to it. Female sexuality may actually be viewed as a lesser sin than sodomy because female sexuality is almost trivialised in certain cultures. Female homosexuality is seen as ‘not serious’ and only ‘playful’ because ‘there is no way a woman can sexually satisfy another woman’. Another example is the way women are not expected to react sexually to other women, there’s that generally accepted ‘what are you hiding when we’re all women’ which just sort of eliminates the idea that women can be attractive to other women by basically saying that we are all the same. I don’t know if I’m getting my point across…

    – It is possible that scholars and Companions just turned a blind eye to lesbianism. Then again I don’t think it is much of a stretch to say that much attention has not been paid to female sexuality at that time. Aren’t lesbians left at the mercy of individual Muslim judges because no particular punishment is prescribed? I guess some people did not think it was important to include any punishment for lesbianism?

    – Again I think this may be rooted in patriarchy, a gay man is still a man.

    – Yes it is possible! With all the emphasis placed on giving birth to future generation of Muslims it does sound sensible that female homosexuality is not seen as serious because no ‘precious male seed’ is being wasted. But really with this in mind doesn’t this mean that male masturbation is also a sin? I’d actually be suprised if any form of homosexuality is not viewed as adultery. But then again I’m not sure what the Islamic definition of adultery is.

    – Well not all Muslim feminists are open to accepting lesbian Muslim feminists into their midsts because they believe homosexuality is a sin (in worst cases they may actually conclude that lesbians who identify as Muslims are kaffirs). What this effectively does is silence a group of Muslims.

    That being said have you heard of ‘Medeival Arab Lesbians and Lesbian-like Women’ by a certain Sahar Amer?

    • Metis says:

      Eccentricyoruba, I really enjoyed your comment, especially the first paragraph which is very insightful.

      I think you are right, many MFs don’t want to bring in homosexuality into their discussion and arguments because it would weaken their argument needlessly because they will be shushed up for spreading immorality.

      I find it difficult not to bring up the topic because I have been living in societies for the last decade where homosexuality is a very common yet taboo part of the culture.

      ‘Medeival Arab Lesbians and Lesbian-like Women’ by Sahar Amer? No! I must check it out. Thanks!

  4. wafa' says:

    I keep wondering why does religion in general is so much concerned about ” the sexuality of its believers” !!

    The guy who was answering the question in that site keep refering to what that or this says, So is this what Islam tend to end? people are blindly following what others have said thousands of years ago? does that mean “igtehad” stopped or what ?

    He and EVERYONE keeps refering to “Homosexuality” as not only a sin but a grave one although when you read ahadith about the grave sins you are not going to find homosexuality as one of them !!!

    The Quran,which is supposed to be our main source for laws in Islam, have only mentioned homosexuality in the “Lot” story. And from what i read they didn’t accept “the message of their prophet” so they were punished like all previous messengers. In “Saleh” story , they were punished for killing the camel-according to lots of interprtition and not their refusal of the message-, does that mean killing all camels nowadays is a cause to being punished by death ?. Lot people didn’t accept the message of God, that why they were killed. Our “scholas ” need to study and work harder.Although , not accepting the message doesn’t suppose to being killed in Islam,right? but that’s another topic and a huge indication that what we are being told are not all correct.

    Between sceintists there is a huge difference as to the “cause ” of homosexuality. Is it a thing they born with? or a thing they get “like a disease”? . “nature or nurture”.
    So if they were born this way,it’s not their fault. And if it’s a disease or something wrong with them, then it’s not their fault either.
    How can God punish people He created this way “not their fault” or they are sick “not their fault” . And we know that in Islam that you can not punish the sick, and all over the world even killers will get a free pass if they prove to be sick !!

    I am blabling i guess, but there are so many holes in the issue of “homosexuality ” and “the punishment” in Islam. I guess you know that it’s called ” The sin that the throne of God shake because of ” .

    You ask:-
    •Why do you think Muslim men are somewhat silent and clueless about lesbianism? Is it because female homosexuality is seen as a lesser sin than sodomy or is it that Muslim men do not believe that lesbianism is a reality? Or do they not consider lesbianism a worthy threat since it is not “a crime against the rights of females“?
    Yes, it’s consider less sin because penetration is not included. And according to scholars penetration is the main proof they need to judge someone of adultery. Using other objects is not important as it’s not part of the body.
    Beside, let’s be honest Muslim men thinks and see women as “passive” not “objective”, and as long as i said above “no penteration” happen then there is no harm. She can not get pregenant and she can not not be a virgin. It’s a less crime which can be over by marrying that girl to the first man asking for her hand.

    •Why did the scholars and Companions not decide on a specific punishment for lesbians? Why are lesbians left at the mercy of individual Muslim judges who have no clear guidelines to follow?
    Simply because they have no idea that it is happening,our Muslims women are not capable of doing such things-since all Muslims women follow the law of Islam-. But mostly becuse women don’t deserve the time to think of a punishment for a sin they did. In alot of “women’s issues” they are left to the “wisdome” of the Muslims judge.
    Women are seen and treated as less creature , that’s why most of their issues are not considered important or worthy of their time.

    •Why can’t a lesbian not be a witness whereas no such condition is placed for a gay man?
    I have never heard of such law, but do you think any homosexual will be able to walk into the office os a judge to witness when he/she is known to be so ?

    • Metis says:

      Great response Wafa! And you gave me a plateful of food for thought. I think I will return and pick your brain more if there are more questions but I think you summed it up perfectly! Thank you so, so much!

  5. sarah says:

    Thanks for the reply Metis. I wouldn’t say that the women are to be imprisoned for life because the clause is there ‘until Allah opens up for them a way’. Perhaps this means until they refrain from the public promotion and/or acts of lesbianism. From what I heard in one Q/A this is for the benefit of society as a whole rather than as an act aginst an individual.

    My husband was yesterday talking of the hadith where a man came to the prophet and confessed to adultery. The Holy Prophet turned away from him. The man went around the other side and repeated his confession so the prophet again turned away and then the man came the third time whereupon the prophet gave him a punishment. To me this indicates that some sexual acts are between two people and if people repent and amend there is no need to punish them and no basis to make acusations.
    Every individual has weakness and flaws and I think Islam has two types of ‘justice’. One scenario is where an individual ‘sins’ but it is limited in its scope and private in its sphere. the second category is where the moral basis of society is threatened by ‘sins’. Islam has proscribed different punnishments at different times because each circumstance is judged on its own basis.

    Also, for those who do not believe lesbianism or homosexuality to be unlawful according to Islam it should be remembered that promiscuity is disliked and ideally all sexual acts take place within marriage. Marriage is always described as between a man and woman.

    • Metis says:

      Yes, I think as long as people don’t air their dirty laundry it is ok. Punishment is linked to confession or witnessing. I really do wonder why people were so persistent in confessing their sins back in that time? That is so unusual even if inspiring!

  6. Mezba says:

    I wish Muslims would think, THINK, before they pronounce punishments such as killing or burning etc. for what is an apparent victimless “crime”. I recall reading somewhere in Islam that a man who has no attraction towards women should not marry. Therefore if this is true, then Islam is acknowledging some men may be gay or (sexually uninterested). This goes back to the debate of whether you are born gay. If you are born gay, then Allah has chosen you to be gay, so why would He punish you for something He chose?

    On the other hand, if you are like me who believe people “become” gay because society has made it acceptable, then you have to work first on fixing society.

    • Metis says:

      I agree with you 100% and am so glad you said what was on my mind.

      I do know that not all gays are the product of social conditioning or circumstances. There are homosexual humans like there are homosexual animals who are so by nature and I feel bad for them when they are abused so much over something they have no control.

  7. Lat says:

    As far as I understand the Quran,homosexuality cuts off the highway,that is reproduction.So if men can give birth then homosexuality is not a sin 🙂 Who knows it can happen! Like in the movie which starred Arnold Swzarnagger… Ooops! You know his name! 🙂

    Secondly,as Wafa said above,the people of Lot did not believe their messenger about God and that he called them to the path of righteousness which is also the path of the hetrosexual life.But there’s something else here.The people of Lot were actually hankering over any beautiful males so much so that they wanted Lot to let them in his home so they can see his male guests.This is more than just being gay.It’s being overly lustful.They wanted them no matter what.That’s when Lot was fearful for the safety of his guests.So this is not an action of a normal gay person.And I’m sure homoxsexuality was also found in other time eras as well not just in Lot’s time.Just because we don’t read it in Quran or other holy books,it doesn’t mean that early people did not engage in it.What’s important is that they didn’t get highlighted in the holy books as Lot’s people did.It’s something to ponder about and not critize all gays with the same brush.

    Commentators above have brought forth good points on why lesbianism is not taken as seriously as homosexuality between males.I suppose Muslim men did not feel any threat from lesbians.So long as they got married and populate the earth,it was fine with them. The 4:15 verse,does talk about this issue.And you’re right to point out that they got a heavier punishment.Perhaps because they chose each other and not live and get married to a man? I don’t know.I wish I had more details about this two women. It could shed some light to the predicament.Even then they were not put to death nor were they declared kafirs in the Quran.Why some scholars like to use their own words to inflict punishment on such people have to do with serving their own purpose.

    Afterall polgamy and slavery allowed many wives to stay and interact together esp when husbands go away for long periods,and such bonding does naturally give rise to lesbian thoughts and feelings ,but mostly they didn’t go against the mainstream idea of hetrosexual marriage.(I’ve read how lesbian couples agree to go into polygamy so that they can stay together).Even if they did,they must have been very careful not to let others know of their clandestine meetings.But now in today’s world people are becoming more open about it.And that becomes a problem esp for the religious.And for FM,they must stick to the common goals first and then broach such matters later for discussion.What must come first must be dealt with more urgently.

    • Metis says:

      Wow Lat! Your last paragraph is so intriguing. I must say that I have thought about *that* possibility but didn’t know that it really happens. If you can recall the article/book people return to share with us. One gay woman did say to me long ago that if she was ever forced to marry she would ensure her lover became her husband’s second wife so they could always be together. I remember feeling that in such a case the man was nothing more than a toy and a viable solution for them. This is potentially more dangerous for heterosexual men and more convenient for lesbians because at least two gay men can never marry one woman to hide their affair!

      • Lat says:

        This piece of new I derived it from Zina Daman,a Malaysian journalist writing about Islam in her country and how she lived it.It was very interestinga and an eye-opener.This particular lesbian pair she interviewed were actually hijabis,nobody would have guessed it.

      • Lat says:

        Oops the name should read as Dina Zaman! Sorry for typo error!

  8. susanne430 says:

    Interesting post and comments. Just a side note that’s not really related to the topic of lesbiansim, but in the Bible Lot is not portrayed as a prophet taking God’s message to the people of Sodom. His uncle Abraham gave the choice to Lot about where he (Lot) wanted to settle with his family and flocks since Abe’s and Lot’s workers were having conflicts. Lot chose that area to settle. He wasn’t sent there by God to give a message. Maybe the Jewish midrash or talmud have stories like that, but it’s not one I’ve gotten from my Bible lessons over the years.

  9. Fahad Sheikh says:

    Disregarding all the scholarly books because they are mere opinions of people and only taking in to account The Quran and The Hadith, I have PERSONALLY reached a conclusion that since marriage between two men or two women is not allowed and sex before marriage is in itself prohibited in Islam, there cannot actually be lesbian couples. However, the reason why I think lesbianism is not explicitly prohibited in Islam is because if a man having two or more wives wishes to elope with the two of them together or engage in sexual activities involving the three of them together, it is allowed. This is the only logical conclusion I find satisfactory but still there is no Hadith or Quranic verse to support this argument but at the same time, there is nothing against this as well. So my conclusion, lesbianism between two wives of the same husband may as well be allowed but between two women separately is not because you can’t have sex before marriage in Islam at all, be it male and female or any other combination.

  10. dayan says:

    the topic itself is really intriguing. after half an hour of googling perhaps there is a way for female bisexuality in islam..
    https://lifeinsideislam.wordpress.com/2015/10/22/sex-in-reference-to-the-quran/

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