What are your views about hijab?

The abaya is a traditional garment which is often seen today as an *Islamic* dress. For a universal religion like Islam (unlike some culture-specific religions like Sikhism) abaya would be restrictively monolithic. But historically speaking abaya is no more Islamic than a kundoora or thob.

Islam came to the Bedouins of Arabia and obviously it came to people who dressed in a specific manner. To demand that all Muslims wear what those Bedouins wore to look Muslim and feel Muslim is imprisoning the colourful spirit of Islam more so because those Bedouins never wore an abaya or even the modern headscarf.

Historically both men and women wore headgears probably as protection against harsh weather conditions much before Islam came to Arabia. Elite Jewish women veiled their faces revealing only one eye (the evil left one to see their way) because they were too good to be seen by the mortal eyes.

Both men and women wore an outer garment much like the contemporary bisht. Jewish men and women clothes differed from one another because Jewish laws like Muslim laws forbid men and women to wear similar clothes. Ancient Hebrew garments for both men and women consisted of the Inner Garment, the Outer Tunic or Robe, the Girdle, the Outer Garment or Mantle, and the Headdress. The girdles were sometimes made of silk which was then prohibited for Muslim men. The outer garment (kesut in Hebrew and khumur in Arabic) had different styles for men and women. All outer garments were long to reach the ankles and had a hood for women or ended at the middle of the calf for men which continued in Islam as the sitr for men. A picture in this link shows typical ancient Jewish garments for women between the 4th and the 6th AD.

However, the pagan women often either wore deep necklines with open collars or left their breasts bare. In contemporary times this seems ridiculous, but there was nothing abnormal about such practices in ancient Arabia, both before and after Islam. Arabian prostitutes particularly covered their faces (to maintain anonymity) but left their chests bare (to show the ‘goods’) as can be seen from the famous painting of Tamar and Judah. Similarly another painting shows Minoan women with bare chests comfortably playing a board game.

It is almost impossible to replicate the exact clothing of pre and early Islamic Arabia but historical studies suggest they were indeed very different from contemporary clothing and are sometimes incomprehensible because we cannot imagine the complexities of what a garment entailed for men and women. For illustrative purposes, you can watch this very interesting short clip which shows a Palestinian woman putting on a traditional Arab dress in 1920. After almost 90 years Palestinian women today wear very different clothes which are hardly as complicated. Imagine how different clothes must have been 1400 years ago.

What we know for certainty is that both men and women wore long robes and some sort of head covering which was traditional/cultural rather than religious. For example, Jewish men and women covered their heads according to Jewish law (laws related to ancient Jewish cultural practices) rather than Torah law (laws related to practices as laid down by the Torah).

Look at this picture of 20th century Bedouin women. All women loosely cover their hair indicating a cultural practice rather than strict law that not a strand of hair must be visible. Or this one in which women wear their hair like horns and keep them uncovered. When Islam came to Arabia, Arabs continued benign cultural practices and some religious practices which were beneficial to society, building  new religious norms in the process which are now called Islamic practices. What we fail to accept and realise today is that Islam did not come out of nothing. It is a practical religion which modified the ways of life that already existed in Arabia. By no means did Islam declare that all pagan, Christian and Jewish practices were immediately invalid, but those practices were continuously revised and modified.

Elite Jewish women who converted to Islam were allowed to keep veiling their faces so that they did not suddenly feel odd about moving within the society with uncovered faces. But they were prohibited from veiling their faces while praying or doing umra/Haj because in the eyes of Allah all are equal whether they are slaves or the elite. The revelation for women to cover came down in Medina after interaction with the rich Jews of the city and it must have given the new Muslim women a sense of pride to cover themselves like the elite Jewish Arabs “so that they may be recognised.”

It is a known fact that slave women were neither allowed to cover their faces (even if they were Muslim) like the elite women, nor were they allowed to wear the khumar (or the outer garment) so as to be recognized as slaves and not be confused as free women. They of course tied their hair whichever way their found comfortable and wore tunics to cover their chests. Some slaves didn’t even cover their breasts. Men, too, continued to cover their heads and even faces during sand storms (there is evidence that suggests that even the Prophet covered his face at times).

What Islam strongly prohibited (and which came as a Quranic law) was for free Muslim women to expose their breasts which was a common pagan practice. Many pagan female idols were created with large bare breasts and women are documented to have exposed their chests to cheer pagan soldiers going to war and while circumambulating the pre-Islamic Kaaba which housed their idols. Women also commonly uncovered their chests inside their homes. By the 16th and 17th centuries Muslim women in Spain had already started wearing what closely resembles the Iranian chador as seen in the “Conversion of the Moors” sculpture at the Cathedral of Granada.

All women in ancient Arabia wore some sort of outer garment called khumar while in public. I believe that the Islamic law is for a woman to use that garment to cover her chest – her “adornments”. Wearing some sort of headcovering is an Arabian cultural practice which existed before Islam and continued even afterwards. While urban Muslim men have modified their clothing and no more wear the headcovering or difficult and volumous robes, for some reason women are not allowed similar choices.

It is important for Muslim women to wear modest clothes so that they do not attract undue attention. That is an Islamic obligation. But now that Islam is no more confined to Arabia, that modest garment does not have to Arabic and certainly does not have to be monolithic.

What do you think? What are your views about hijab?

Advertisements

79 thoughts on “What are your views about hijab?

  1. Coolred38 says:

    I have never understood the debate over this issue. God is quite clear in the Quran about his dress requirements, not to mention he spends very little time pointing out dress requirements. This would indicate (to me), that while modest dress is important enough to mention, it’s not THE most important issue in the Quran or in Islam. Which is rather ironic considering the amount of discourse hijab/niqab/modest dress takes up when discussing anything about Muslim women.

    What she wears and how she wears it seems to be the ONLY subject worthy of papers, books, blogs, panels, laws, and the occasional media sensationalized story. Sad really.

    The fact that not only are Muslim women meant to cover in public (by those who believe it to be an order) but also while she is alone in her home in prayer (where nobody can see her but God one would assume) indicates (to me) that Muslims have identified God as male and since he is male she needs to cover in front of him as well because AS male he will find her uncovered body titillating and distract from his concentration on her worship of him in her prayers. Or…? That is just an assumption on my part, I really have no idea why Muslim women are meant to cover while in prayer in their own homes (or out as well)…God has no qualities associated with humans…so in essence praying while nude still wouldn’t tittilate God in any way…he’s above and beyond human like qualities. Covering your body in prayer is seen as a sign of respect of course, but how did that extend to women’s hair and not man’s? Once again, humans tend to regard God as male and thus covering is ordered for women to prevent the lust of God from being engaged.

    Possibly confusing comment so let me break it down in simpler terms…Muslim men have brought God DOWN to their lustful everything equals sex driven level rather than attempt to lift themselves up to God’s in the end nothing is more important than you good works level.

    Better? LOL

    • Sharshura says:

      lol I agree with you to an extent. It gets really annoying when all you learn about Muslim women is how to dress.

      However, I think its a little bit of stretch to assume that God is male based on the fact that we need to be dressed in front of Him when praying in our homes. We are suppose to look our best every time we pray in honor of God not because he is male. We are suppose to be at our humblest and most modest as well. This is for both sexes not just for women. This was how I was taught. When I go to jummah (in Chicago) I will see many men of all ages who cover the top of their heads out of respect for God (so now does this mean God is a woman? I doubt it.).

    • Metis says:

      Coolred, I really enjoyed your comment and you are right – even I have never understood the requirement to cover the hair for prayer. I did some research on it once and my conclusion was that it was a Jewish-Christian borrowing. Arabs didn’t pray with their heads covered by Jewish law (as opposed to Law of the Torah) demands that the heads of both men and women be covered. In Christianity women’s heads must be covered and this is perhaps what the first Muslims thought was the most pious way to address God. Also, it must have served the interest of women praying in the mosque – they wouldn’t have had to uncover and would have proceeded to pray with their khumur.

      I completely understand what you mean by God being a man!

  2. Zuhura says:

    I agree with you and with Coolred. Thanks for adding the great pictures—they really help to illustrate how embedded in culture “Islamic clothing” is.

    • Metis says:

      Thanks Zuhura! I like your Spanish bun idea as well. Do you still cover your hair?

      • Zuhura says:

        I don’t wear a scarf all the time and I’m not sure if I will again or not. I had an argument with my partner the other day about this and it’s left me thinking.

        I was complaining that the bun sometimes hurts the back of my neck and he started to suggest some other way of wearing a scarf. I answered, “But I don’t want to wear it!” kind of crankily and he got really upset. Even though he’s never said anything when I don’t wear it, that day he said that he really likes hijab and he loves to see women wearing it. He kept saying (rather angrily, in my opinion, “I won’t force you to wear it, but I really like it and it disappoints me that you don’t want to wear it.” I tried to compare it to some clothing of his that he had decided not to wear anymore even though I had told him it looked really good on him. That it was no big deal and I wouldn’t be “disappointed” in him for that, so why should he be disappointed in me for not wearing a scarf?

        Later he apologized and said he fell in love with me without a scarf, so whatever I want to do is fine with him, but I still felt really frustrated. I want to make sure he knows (and others know) that the hijab is not mandatory and that there is no reason why women should cover their hair when men don’t. So I may not wear it again, out of stubbornness, even though it’s become part of my normal wardrobe, especially at work and at Muslim events, and it feels kind of strange to not wear it in those contexts at this point.

        • Metis says:

          I wouldn’t have liked it either if m husband or father had ever forced me to wear hijab either emotionally or physically. My father wasn’t a fan of hijab, thank God, and my husband liked the Iranian chador at one time before we were married but he doesn’t like any form of hijab anymore which is a relief, but I know what you mean by feeling strange at Muslim events when one is without hijab. I have often thought how I’d feel at Islamic conferences without hijab which is perhaps a major reason I never made an effort to attend any.

  3. Coolred38 says:

    Yes, but men might cover their own heads while attending mosque etc in regards to something they themselves have decided to do…there is no religious order or mandate (command from God) to cover their heads. Nobody will point a finger at them whether they wear a head covering or not…and definitely the validity of their prayers will never be called into question over the lack of head covering….so I wouldn’t equate Muslim men “dressing for God” in the same light as Muslim women “dressing for God”.

    I understand looking your best when attending an “audience” of significance…what I don’t understand is why “looking your best” is turned into covering your head for women but not for men. Why does feminine hair require covering while “standing/kneeling before God” but not masculine hair?

    This is why I say we have gendered God and “his” gender is male.

  4. dantresomi says:

    I like the fact that you point out that it is not an original Islamic tradition.
    For those that live in the desert or traveled thru the sahi, EVERYONE remained covered to this day.

    While I have no issues w/cultural dress, i still find the defense for it OUTSIDE of living in those harsh weather conditions to be moot and backwards.

    • Metis says:

      Thanks dantresomi! And welcome to Metis.

      “While I have no issues w/cultural dress, i still find the defense for it OUTSIDE of living in those harsh weather conditions to be moot and backwards.”

      Strangely any woman who covers her hair thinks that it is a religious obligation and not a cultural practice that she is continuing. I think even in the Quran it is a social requirement and obligation and has little to do with faith. But…

  5. unsettledsoul says:

    The fact that we only call God “Him, He” tells me all I need to know about whether or not we think of God as male. It is that simple. Calling God Her is seen as some ploy to be scandalous or controversial.

    Doesn’t that tell us enough about how we view God? Yes yes we all say God has no gender, but if that were how we saw it, we would call God It, or at least interchange the words. Instead we call God Him, just as you did in your comment sharshura. You don’t think that has an impact on the image in our mind of God or the way we relate to God? Possibly this is also why male scholars are more respected. If we called God Her maybe female opinions would be taken more seriously, no?

    • Metis says:

      I agree with what you said here, US. I see God as definitely male in the three Abrahamic religions even if we don’t want to accept it.

    • Sharshura says:

      I was taught in terms of the Arabic context of the word “he.” That there are two meanings for huwa (he) and two for heeya (she). The reason Muslims used (according to my ustadha) huwa instead of heeya is because it as genderless while heeya refers to ” it” as an inanimate object which would disrespectful to God. (As for all other religious traditions, I have no clue)

      Since I am not an Arabic speaker, I would really like to know what other Arabic speakers think of this? Is this the general consensus or is there really no reason why we use he instead of she?

    • Jamaican Kid says:

      I know right? Im a christian male who is partially of Jewish ancestry (My Mother is Of Jewish ancestry) and I have noticed that we chirsitans have always referred to God as a he in prayers. However Im pretty sure that theres nothing in the bible against referring to God as a she.

  6. susanne430 says:

    I’ve prayed while bathing before. (Faint if you must.) I figure if my body is part of God’s creation and He knows more about it than I do, what could I possibly hide from Him? Why is covering it up necessary when speaking with Him? Can He – the Creator of me!! – not see past the clothes and head covering to the one He created before she covered up what He designed?

    That said…I enjoyed this post and the history behind hijab. Makes me wonder why things have changed to this more strict view where every single hair has to be covered in order to show you are righteous.

  7. unsettledsoul says:

    Susanne,

    Politics and a need to be seen as the opposite of the haram west, also known as propaganda. That is how we got to this point. Women’s clothing say alot about a society, because women are the keepers of tradition, the keepers of culture, and it usually has to do with clothing, and food, and rituals, and connections with others; this is true of all societies, not just Muslim. What women in a society wear says a lot about that society’s values and ways of life. It only makes sense, then, in a time where Islam is being attacked on so many levels, that *some* Muslims hold tight to their traditions, hence, their women, out of fear of losing those traditions. I actually think it is completely understandable, although I disagree with it.

    It is the same thing that happened in many rural white communities in America when we were about to have the first black president. People felt fear and like their way of life and seeing the world was being threatened by this change. Hence, the comment by the president about hard times (the economy) and change (1st black president) causing “people to cling to their guns and their religion.”

    I think it is all very similar.

  8. Lat says:

    “(The revelation for women to cover came down in Medina after interaction with the rich Jews of the city and it must have given the new Muslim women a sense of pride to cover themselves like the elite Jewish Arabs “so that they may be recognised.” )

    Interesting as I’ve read that the revelation came down because of some hypocrite men who harrassed muslim women,’thinking’ that they were slaves.So to be recognized they were told to dress differently.At least this was the common explanation given.Your qoute above also makes sense as many muslim laws have similarities with Jewish laws like food and beliefs.So dress codes initially being social requirements now in addition also took on religious meaning,as a way to stay recognized, as US said above about women being the standard for how a society as a whole is viewed. Not long ago,I read the papers that talked about how good a society is depends on how the women living there are well manicured!

    So not only do elite men want their women to be known as such but ordinary men also wanted that ‘attention’ as well.So that their women would be regarded as private and as you said it gives them a ‘sense of pride’.So hijab is basically for men and women and not God but got blurred thru the centuries.

    And I also agree with Coolred regarding the Quranic verses,that is,

    “..not to mention he spends very little time pointing out dress requirements. This would indicate (to me), that while modest dress is important enough to mention, it’s not THE most important issue in the Quran or in Islam”

    This is precisely the cause of friction that I see in hijab because if it is such a major component to the faith then it would be mentioned so.I’ve only read a hadith narrated by Aisha that a women must cover her head when praying.But this covering is not extended to muslim slave women.So this could mean that hijab is not a religious requirement but one of status.
    Hijab seems to be evolving from where it all started to how it is viewed today.Muslim women should have the ability to decide for themselves whether to wear or not to wear hijab without the notion of the holier-than-thou attitude hanging above their heads.

    • Metis says:

      Really interesting comment there, Lat! I loved your last sentence.

      If you don’t mind me asking – you wear hijab, what is your personal understanding on it? What are your reasons for wearing hijab?

      • Lat says:

        I started wearing hijab when my own female family members were wearing it too.That happened sometime after my second son was born.No one in husband family wore hijab,just used a shawl.It was the time when hijab was becoming popular here and surely most of us didn’t know that a khumur can even refer to a table cloth! I only read the Quranic meaning of it later.The verse using the khumur was what I thought of.But got confused why the word hijab was being used instead of the word khumur.

        Basically we liked wearing it and still do, not just as a means to be modest but also to be seen as beautiful 🙂 Husband can take this much(he’s quite a liberal) but not the complete cover that abaya or niqab gives because this is just not us.I myself don’t see that anywhere in my list of dress codes.If I had health problems because of my hijab,I will not hesitate to use a shawl instead.The choice is mine to make.Husband will not mind at all as long as I dress modestly.

        I have nieces who don’t wear hijab and their parents(liberal and strict) don’t force them at all, just like mine did.So in religious functions,they’ll just wear a shawl. I know of families who are quite strict with dress codes but their girls always manage to find their partners for marriage which my nieces have trouble with! So male choice does matter when it comes to women’s dressing patterns.

    • unsettledsoul says:

      Lat, that is an excellent comment. I agree that some customs have become social requirements, with God as the excuse, but are not actual religious mandates when we look at the facts. Many times organized religion becomes more about societal control, and what better way to control masses of people than to use God as the reason?

      I think many times we are submitting to people and not God, but societal control has it’s place, I guess. I just get annoyed with it when it infringes on my personal rights as a human being, and women always end up the losers when “tradition” is enforced. But that is my opinion and I certainly don’t aim to force my opinion on others.

      • Lat says:

        Yes tradition has that ability to infringe but perhaps in our changing climate we can discuss traditional values and possibly bring about positive changes for muslim women.

  9. woodturtle says:

    From what I understand in regards to covering while praying, men and women are to cover their arwah when “standing before God”. I suppose as a kind level of respect and ritual quality for one to enter sacred space. It’s a shame though, that while a woman only needs to cover between her knees and waist when in the presence of mahrem (bare breasted is a-ok), that the opinion to cover everything but the face and hands takes precedence when standing before God. I’m not a fan of thinking that while God is closer to me than my own blood, God’s relation to me is like that of an unrelated male.

    While I put it on over 10 years ago as a religious requirement, over the past few years hijab has become more of an identifier and fashion accessory for me. I believe fully that the “popular” way of wearing it is simply an Arab styling, and that hijab has its own expression in every culture. And in no way is hijab an expression of piety.

    I love the discussion that your post has generated.

    • Metis says:

      Oh thank you Woodturtle for your interest and appreciation. Welcome to Metis and thank you also for your comment.

      I really liked that you pointed out that “I’m not a fan of thinking that while God is closer to me than my own blood, God’s relation to me is like that of an unrelated male.” This is such an important point; I never thought about that and I’m definitely going to quote you in my thesis, if you don’t mind!

      This also reminded me of the sitr for slave women even if they are Muslim – that they are not allowed to cover their heads and body like free women even in salah – what’s the logic? I don’t know.

  10. Coolred38 says:

    A quick peek at history will point out how, when hardliners come to power…or someone deemed too “western” is over thrown, assasinated etc…the first course of action taken is to cover women again (enforce hijab, niqab etc). Women are the collateral damage in the religious wars….rather than measure the size of their d**ks…men show off how covered their women are compared to the kafir west etc.

    • susanne430 says:

      Cultural differences are so interesting. In the West men often want to show off their women (think: trophy wife) and how pretty they are. It’s like it makes some guys feel better about themselves (I’m assuming) to have a pretty wife or girlfriend on their arms. But it seems in the East it’s different. They hide their precious jewels and roam around town arm in arm with other men. Maybe higher status for some men of the East is the number of wives they have…no so much how pretty they are.

      In each case it seems as if women play some major part in how men think of themselves. I’ve enjoyed the comments and learning much about societies and holders of tradition as you all have discussed this topic.

    • Metis says:

      Someone once wrote that there is a fear amongst Muslim men that their women have unbridled passion which must be curtailed by veiling them – if no one sees them, no one will be interested in them enough to stir them to rebel. I think it was in ‘Nine Parts of Desire’ – can’t recall now.

    • unsettledsoul says:

      LOL coolred! hahaha! I had pointed out on another blog how arrogant men are fighting and women are the pawns in the game, but I like your comment much better! lol

    • Sharshura says:

      A really good example of what Coolred38 is saying is that of Tunisia. Depending on how the presidency is threatened they will have hijab bans or return to tradiction. This country also has the best personal status code in the entire MENA region so far.

  11. Becky says:

    I love your thoughts on this Metis, especially how you explained that the hijab is really more cultural than religious in its origin. This ties in quite closely to my beliefs as well, that it’s modesty that’s mandatory, and what it is to dress modestly, is defined culturally. I.e, making sure not to show any cleavage and not wear short skirts or very tight-clinging clothes makes me modest in Denmark where I live (and in most other Western countries). If I were to travel to a Muslim majority country however, I’d probably choose to cover my hair as well, as that would be considered more modest, and attract less attention (which ties in with the verse that says to cover up, so as not to be harassed).

    • Metis says:

      I loved your comment Becky, especially “If I were to travel to a Muslim majority country however, I’d probably choose to cover my hair as well, as that would be considered more modest, and attract less attention (which ties in with the verse that says to cover up, so as not to be harassed).”

  12. Sara says:

    Wow, what an interesting post! Amazing!
    I personally have never believed that the hijab is in the Qur’an…now that I’ve read Foucalt I understand why we’ve been made to believe that it is and why it has become the most important thing in Islam…knowledge is never neutral, it is always produced. It was in men’s benefit to make the hijab so important…no surprise that there is no strict dress code for men.

    • Metis says:

      You liked it, Sara? Thank you so much.

      Yes, applying Foucault’s theories would really make it clearer for us to understand the importance of hijab for men. I would even say hijab is the Muslim men’s ‘heterotopia of illusion’!

  13. mariam says:

    when we muslim women wear chador( or anything like it), we are labled uneducate,brainwashed and radical.
    when we dont wear headscarf we are labled a weak muslim and many times non muslim.
    when we wear a headscarf with a tight pants we are labled a sick minded person who want to catch a man.
    when we wear bikini, trilion articles are written to clarify for the world we are muslim or not.

    it is not important what is written in Quran,the important issue is that we muslim women have no freedom to be unperfect( no matter of what others believe is perfect).

    and another issue is that I am really really tired of talking about hijab, is it possible we muslims go beyond hijab and talk about more important issues muslims face today?
    enough is enough, is not it?

    I think I am the first commentator of 2011 in this blog 🙂 🙂

    • Becky says:

      Mariam, I agree so much with what you said. Hijab isn’t the 6th pillar of Islam, and I hate how it’s often made to be almost more important than whether a woman prays or not! I honestly don’t believe wearing the hijab is going to secure heaven/Jannah for anyone, nor will not wearing it doom you to hell.

      And like you said, there are much more important issues we could discuss, but instead everywhere you turn it’s hijab hijab hijab, whether it’s telling Muslim women they aren’t proper Muslims for not wearing it, or banning it at schools or in public places.

    • Metis says:

      I really liked your comment, Mariam. When I first began putting down the list of theological debates I would like to focus on I deliberately ignored the hijab and a friend who read my list exclaimed that I can’t have a list on Islamic debates without the hijab – “it was the most important item”!

  14. Organica says:

    When I open this blog on my feeds, I feel like a kid seeing Disney World for the first time. I get overwhelmed and try to calm myself down and reread paragraphs over to devour each bit. I won’t lie that I am extremely disappointed when the post ends. No flattery in these comments. True story 🙂

    In any event, I’ve worn hijab for a very long time. Close to 10 years. Although I am aware that hijab (as labeled by mainstream Islam) is probably the least creative and inside the box choice, it works for me.

    I used to believe that abaya/jilbab/niqab are the only ways to express modesty in accordance to Islamic teaching. I followed those personal beliefs closely for a long time and grew tired of it because it wasn’t really me. I was expressing someone else’s preference (or culture) and not my own. So I took it and scrambled it up to my version of modesty. Although it might closely resemble the mainstream, God knows that I put 10 years of thought it to my dress and it wasn’t merely to please the crowd. I finally feel free.

    I strongly believe that God wants us to be modest. This modesty is extended to both men and women. How you achieve this modesty is left entirely up to your culture and preference. I think this is why I find it hilarious when someone tries to fit the mainstream idea of hijab with an entirely opposite effect to modesty. It makes me question, why are they really adorning these symbols when very little thought was put into it?

    When people fuss over the nitty gritty, I always try to bring it back to the bigger picture: ‘Do you really think God cares if your sleeve is 3/4 or full?”

    • Metis says:

      Oh Organica! I have the same feeling about your comments – I don’t want them to end 🙂 Thank you so much for all your support and kind words. Your words always mean a lot to me.

      I loved reading about your story and like Lat’s, I think it is a story that is very natural and sensible. It is sensible to believe that God wants us to be modest but doesn’t really care whether our sleeves are “3/4 or full”!

  15. sumera says:

    I dont see why clothing that adheres to the same functions as an abayah, such as being sufficiently covering the body not be enough. imo, the abayahs i see these days on women here usually is far too tight for its purpose- its worn as a dress rather than say a coat (in terms of being appropriate to wear ontop your ‘normal’ home clothes). some even wear as little as vest n shorts underneath! surely they’re not ‘home clothes’ for them?thats underwear!

  16. sumera says:

    I believe the abayah to be cultural, so clothing that other cultures hve which fulfil the purpose of modesty should be sufficient.

  17. Urooba says:

    Just stumbled upon your blog and I must say, both the post and comments have given me a lot to think about.
    Will come back to read more and give some of my own input!

  18. Zuhura says:

    Today at church the UU minister read this quote from Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi, her autobiography about growing up in Iran:

    “The regime had understood that one person leaving her house while asking herself:
    Are my trousers long enough?’
    Is my veil in place?’
    Can my make-up be seen?’
    Are they going to whip me?’

    No longer asks herself:

    Where is my freedom of thought?’
    Where is my freedom of speech?’
    My life, is it livable?’
    What’s going on in the political prisons?”

    It reminded me of this post. Orthodox Islam understands that a woman worried about whether she (and/or other women) meets its standards for modesty is going to be too preoccupied to question larger issues about women’s rights in Islam.

    • Metis says:

      This is so interesting and equally relevant. Thanks for sharing, Zuhura.

      “Orthodox Islam understands that a woman worried about whether she (and/or other women) meets its standards for modesty is going to be too preoccupied to question larger issues about women’s rights in Islam.”

      Very well put!

  19. Lat says:

    Zuhura’s last para hits the nail in the head because that’s how women are preoccupied or rather made to be so,so that they hardly have time to think about the ‘larger issuses’ about themselves and others.

  20. Serenity says:

    Oh, what a lovely discussion! Most have already said what I’d wanna say, so I might not contribute anything new with this comment. But I loved the comments! Always a pleasure–a delight!– to come upon such Muslims, as they seem to be almost nonexistent in my personal life.

    Mariam’s comment reminded me of a statement that Mona Eltahawy once made (in her article “Let Me, a Muslim Feminist, Confuse you.” If you haven’t read it yet, go do so like asap. It’s so refreshing, though you may not necessarily agree with everything she says or does. You’ll applaud her for her courage to say such stuff out loud and in public.) She writes, “The conversation on Muslim women usually revolves around our head scarves and our hymens — what’s on our heads (or not), what’s between our legs, and the price we pay for it.” How true!

    The first time I had a discussion with someone, or a group of people, on the hijab was about 5 years ago; they were all saying things like, “You don’t have to cover your hair to prove that you’re modest.” And I was SO offended. I remember feeling attacked, as though their beliefs were an affront to mine. I mean, the Quran is SO clear that women MUST cover their heads, is it not? Why, oh why, do Muslim feminists and other so-called Muslims justify their un-Islamic beliefs and practices and label them Islamic, often even using the pretext of “interpretations” hah!) to call for attention? (Sarcasm intended, beloved readers. This is what over 99.76% Muslims I know both personally and virtually tell me.)

    As it turns out, and as others have said, the Quran isn’t clear on whether I should cover my hair or not. Indeed, it’s the concept of modesty that Islam cares about. But it never defines it, never circumscribes it (for obvious reasons, including that Islam is meant to be a universal and eternal religion); hence, if to YOU and/or those in your authority (often a husband or a father or brothers but more often a repressive society) decide that the only way to be modest is to put a covering on your head, then by all means go for it. But don’t you dare tell me that’s what modesty is because I am possess the intellect, reason, and ability to decide for myself exactly what “modesty” is. So if I’m in a society like Swat (NW Pakistan, my homeland, where my heart still lives) where every woman is required to cover her face upon leaving the premises of her house and where jeans are considered immodest, it might perhaps be a bad (some might say “un-Islamic” but I would disagree) idea for me to leave my house without a headcovering at least. I realize, of course, that such an attitude limits, if not completely prevents, progression and the occurrence of chance or the introduction of new ideas. But that’s another topic of its own and deserves its own set of volumes for discussion! In the future, no worries.

    Can’t help mentioning that the above-expressed thought (it’s the concept of modesty/hijab that matters, not how exactly you cover or which parts) is comparable to that of justice: Does justice today mean what it did in the 7th century? No, it doesn’t. The concept and its understanding have evolved immensely, such that, for example, it’s no longer considered acceptable to kill someone who leaves the religion she/he was raised with; or that it’s no longer considered acceptable to say that a woman cannot marry someone outside of her race/ethnicity/religion but a man can.

    That’s not in any way to suggest that we should “change” Islam. No. I believe that Islam is inherently progressive, and the evidence for this claim of mine lies in the Quran itself: It’s ambiguous on every single issue, Alhamdulillah! So! We get to change our *understanding*, our *interpretation* of Islam, not Islam itself, with changing times and societies and peoples.

    Sooo … good luck trying to convince me that the hijab is compulsory for women, even if you show me all the “authentic” hadiths there are that are so “clear” on what I should wear. Yeah, well, there are others, equally authentic and with reliable chains of narration, that dehumanize me to the core, telling me that I’m a curse and that impure AND that I lack both in intellect and faith. Surely, you won’t accept the latter parts about women (because, thankfully, we live in the 21st century, and it’s been proven that neither sex/gender is more intelligent than the other, assuming there are only two genders/sexes). How do you determine, then, why to accept the ones about dressing? Why do we limit Islam, which we claim is a universal and eternal religion, to ONE time period and ONE society? Why should I, presently living in the U.S. and in the 21st century, wear what an Arab woman wore in the 7th century? Or what Arab men decided she must wear? Is it just me, or do others, too, realize that something’s seriously up with how Islamic law came into being–oh, you know, women’s ideas and interpretations and decisions and opinions were never taken into consideration. And now that we’re finally doing it, they tell us we’re using “interpretations” as an excuse! Go to hell. That’s all I can say to such absurdity. It’s most saddest when it comes from women themselves. It’s funniest when they say it’s a “choice.” Oh, I don’t think so. How is it a choice if we’re gonna tell the non-hijabi Muslim female behind her back (or even to her face), “You’re not as good a Muslim as I am because my HAIR is cover and yours isn’t”? Besides, what’s more important or more Islamic — covering your hair and telling another person how pious or impious they are, or NOT covering your hair and letting people practice their faith the way they best understand it?

    Oh, I also loved the comment how we’ve gendered God, and it’s a “he.” God doesn’t have a gender, they tell us — until you start using “She/He” or “She.” Funny folks.

    Anyway, according to my interactions with hijabi women and my own personal experiences, the hijab is an artificial way of making yourself look like something you’re in many cases not. And it is exactly for this reason that I have decided, as per my own personal will and research of the hijab and the concept of modesty according to “Islam,” that I am no longer going to officially cover my hair. I still wear a chadar/dupatta/scarf, but it’s around my shoulders or neck and every now and then on my head. For me, it’s nothing more than a very incomplete depiction of my own cultural background, and I love it this way. I also feel closer to God this way.

    Gosh… sorry for ranting 🙂 I realize my comment’s too long — but then again, thanks for getting me to write my next blog post already! And I tend to get a bit too verbose where absolutely unnecessary and often lose my point in doing so, so if that happened here, do let me know, and I’ll be happy to clarify whatever I didn’t.

    Peace and blessings,

    Serenity

    • Metis says:

      Serenity, Thank you very much for your comment and welcome to Metis!

      I really enjoyed reading everything you had to say. I particularly liked that you gave the example of Swat. I have been to Swat – wore jeans – and promised never to do it again! And this was 10-15 years ago when it was not even as strict as it is today. What I mean to say is there are places even today where it is best to cover your head and even your face, perhaps, because even if we don’t like to accept it, it is what offers us most protection. But in 21st century Europe or Canada or the US or even Dubai, hijab may sometimes have the opposite effect and sometimes may mean nothing – not even modesty.

      Thanks once again! I really liked your comment.

  21. Serenity says:

    You’ve been to Swat? Really?! Wow! I rarely meet academics who’ve been there!
    We must talk! 😀

    • Metis says:

      Yes, I have been to Mingora, Miandum, Malamjabba, Madyan, Bahrain, and Kalam. I actually rode on a donkey to reach Pari Lake 🙂 Very Jesus-like entry!

  22. Coolred38 says:

    Serenity…I agree with the whole of your comment except for one small part…you said there is no longer a need to kill someone that leaves their religion…I would say there was never a need to do that. All the reasons given even in the past make no sense when faced with the fact that God never says kill apostates in the Quran. So…why was there ever a burning need to kill murtads if even God leaves them be until Judgement Day apparently?

    • Serenity says:

      Hi, Coolred38!
      Thanks for your reply!

      I absolutely agree that the Quran not only never tells us what to do with apostates (because there’s no need), it even strongly and blatantly supports freedom of religion. However, hadiths don’t. And that’s where the problem lies–meaning, that’s the main source of Islamic law that our jurists used during the formation of the Shari’a.

      What I meant to say was that back in the time, it was quite unlikely for a group of folks to rise up and say, “Hold on a sec–why should someone be killed just because she/he left the religion their parents raised them with?” So, while I’m sure there must have some Muslim jurists who disagreed with the consensus on the death penalty for apostasy, their voice was quenched, and the majority opinion won. I’m sure that if I lived in that time, I wouldn’t have objected to the death penalty for apostates , UNLESS there were strong and active voices against it like there are today. Often, it takes that one bold person to stand up and say something different from everyone else to knock some sense into us.

      And that leaves us to many problems, sadly, the fact that it’s mostly hadiths that tell us what to do when and how to do it. Most Muslims will say that if you’re gonna question that one law (penalty for apostates), then why not all the other laws, almost all of which also come from hadiths and not from the Quran?

  23. Coolred38 says:

    Serenity…the reason there are hadiths in my opinion…is because patriarchy had to establish itself as the last rule of law by way or another.The Quran was all perfect and clever etc etc but it tended to take away some of the powers of those that had always had it…enter…hadith…that not only restored much of that power…but labeled it as words from the Prophet, thus giving it an Islamic basis and sense of “you can’t touch this…see…even the Prophet said so” kind of defense.

    Whether you believe in the Quran’s message or not is one thing…but hadith are blatant attempts at Muslim men (and yes, I do mean them specifically) in re-establishing once held power they had no intention of losing. Period. The fact that so many Muslims willfully and joyfully give them back that power by enforcing hadith over the Quran (word of God so to speak) means Muslims prefer men in charge as well it would seem. hmmm?

  24. Zuhura says:

    I just came across this interview with an interesting perspective on hijab: http://www.altmuslimah.com/a/b/a/3827/

    “When a Muslim woman in a scarf is coming out into public and she is totally exposed, the man is now in hijab. He is in hijab. She’s not in hijab. She’s wearing a scarf yes, but if we know what hijab really is, the man is in hijab because he’s hidden. You can’t see him, you don’t know if he’s a Muslim or Hindu, you don’t know if he’s an Arab Muslim, an Arab Jew, an Arab Christian or just white. The man is in hijab. That is what hijab means – he is hidden from the public eye. She is not. She is the one who is absolutely out there, everybody knows it, so that’s hard for her to bear.”

    • Metis says:

      I loved this interview! I saw this a couple of months back and really liked it. Thanks for sharing it here, Zuhura, I had forgotten this.

  25. Found your blog from Unsettled Soul’s.

    I can’t say that I am as highly educated as you are. I’ve just completed my first degree so perhaps my views would not sound as intellectual as yours or even those who have left their comments here.

    Well since you asked 🙂 I will share my thoughts on hijab with you. Just briefly though because I can go and on about it.

    I didn’t like hijab in the past. It’s not that I didn’t understand the concept behind modesty and women covering their hair. I just didn’t like it on me. It felt restricting and I wanted to be free to make my own choices and that’s exactly what I got.

    After some positive life changing experiences I decided to wear the hijab almost a year ago. My experience as a hijabi and someone who is more of practising Muslim now than ever has changed my perception towards life, people and God a whole lot. All I can say is, some people get it and some people don’t. I’m cool with that.

    But anyway…

    Have you ever thought of religion as something that began with Adam? I believe the beginnings of a true religion began with Adam. That’s why even Christians, Jews and even Hindus believed in the virtue of women dressing modestly and covering the hair even though they may not be as strict about it today due to “progressiveness”. I was told that in Christianity a woman should cover her hair in order to follow the image of man because man was created in the image of God. Okay, if someone told me that’s why Muslim women should cover up I would definitely not wear the hijab! I think after so many years God’s revelation through the holy books became twisted in a way due to the manner people translated and interpreted these holy books.

    Islam had to come to bring back the original essence of what it means to be human and worship God. Islam brought back the true meaning of a woman’s modesty and honour.

    Just my two cents anyway!

    Great blog. Thought provoking indeed.

    • Metis says:

      Dear Shahirah, thank you for your comment and welcome to Metis. You have a lovely name! Has it made you famous yet 🙂

      Education makes no difference. I have seen highly educated people talk nonsense and have also seen people who are not educated make the most sense. Everyone’s comments are always welcome here.

      You bring up some good thoughts on the subject. I wanted to ask you – Muslims believe in Adam as the first human on earth but how does that relate to hijab?

      In Christianity covering the head was emphasised by Paul who was a strict Jew before he found Christ so I think his thoughts on the headcovering were much influenced by Judaism in which hijab is not part of the Torah law but is part of the Jewish tradition and derived from that. Some ultra-strict Jewish men used to wear two skull caps to please God! They thought a bare head was shameful in God’s presence. It was never related to piety but to honour.

      You said “Okay, if someone told me that’s why Muslim women should cover up I would definitely not wear the hijab!”

      You know, after corresponding with a lot of women about hijab I feel that many women would still have covered their heads. Most women (not all, but most) wear hijab first and reflect on its importance later; but then it is too late to remove it if they come to the conclusion that it is not required today.

  26. Coolred38 says:

    Shahirah…”All I can say is, some people get it and some people don’t. I’m cool with that.”

    Would you mind elaborating on the part that some people “get” and some people don’t. I realize your comment is meant with sincerity and your own personal feelings about hijab…and that’s great…but a comment like that tends to give one the impression that those who don’t wear hijab..or those that don’t agree that hijab is ordered at all…are somehow missing something fundamental in the religion…they haven’t “got it” and most likely never will. In other words, the problem lies within ourselves and not with how the text is written or the history of hijab etc. Is that what your referring too..or am I missing your point completely?

    • Coolred38, thank you for asking me that question and for giving me the opportunity to explain my statement. I wouldn’t want anyone to misinterpret it.

      This is just based on my own understanding but I believe people come from different walks of life therefore they have different experiences that lead them to form their own understanding of the world. I think it’s the same with religion.

      I don’t know where the problem lies to be honest. I don’t dare say that it lies in people because I can’t pass that judgement. I’m not a judgemental person and I refuse to be one. But what I do know is this. The Qur’an is still the same book that was revealed over 1400 years ago. Human nature hasn’t changed either. Cultures, however, have evolved to a certain degree depending on where you go. So no, I don’t know where the problem lies and I’m not saying someone is lacking in something if they don’t ‘get’ what I ‘get’.

      I know a woman who wore the khimar and jilbab and studied the Qur’an every Friday so she could memorise it. She used to preach to me about hijab and what not. She was an Islamic school teacher. To my surprise, she just changed 180 degrees one day.

      Now, is it fair for me to say that she was missing something fundamental in religion? God knows best.

      So what I’m saying is this. Some people get it and some people don’t because that’s just how it is and I’m fine with that. Just because I wear hijab it doesn’t mean I go around telling every Muslim woman that they should wear it. In fact, I hardly talk about religion in real life. My blog is perhaps the only avenue for me to express my thoughts on Islam. I don’t go around preaching to my friends about how they should live their lives because we’re all adults and we can make our own decisions about how we want to lead our lives.

      Trying to be a good Muslim is the life I have chosen for myself and I don’t have a problem with anyone who has chosen a different path for themselves. Live and let live, you know?

  27. Sultana says:

    I really really really adore your post!!!!!!!! It’s such a good analysis on the development of hijab, to explain its roots historically and putting up evidence. Great work really.

    I used to wear hijab and at one time even abaya and niqab, people totally respected me for my decision and I was appreciated maybe even admired by some, but then from one day to the other I just did not understand why I was doing it and what I had gained, I had always learnt and told others how hijab helps us to develop our character and spirituality, however I realised hijabis were just as superficial as non-hijabis so I stopped veiling alltogether, it was a process and now I’m hijab-free but I’m happy with it.

    If I went to Pakistan I’d obviously veil, realising it is a greater sign of modesty over there(at least in areas such as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa), residents in big cities such as Lahore, Islamabad and Karachi rarely don the veil.

    I admit I don’t dress “modestly”, seriously I wear low-cut shirts, hot-pants, mini-skirts, tights, leggings etc. I see no reason to hide my beauty, if men want to stare at me they can go ahead it doesn’t mean I’ll start hooking up with them -.- I mostly ignore these idiots anyways. I’m not very observant of Islamic rules either, e.g. I smoke, don’t read namazz ,but it’s my own decision I’m satisfied with it.

    • Metis says:

      Dear Sultana, thanks for your comment and welcome to Metis! I enjoyed reading about your experience with hijab. I guess when you are happy with your decision and whatever you do, that is what matters. God bless you, always!

  28. Sultana says:

    I feel one should focus on dealing justly and kind with people, that is what the Qu’ran teaches us, it is also what the prophet did. If you are so much into your religion, in a rather extreme way, it will make you lose your humanity and compassion, at least that is what happened to me during that time.

  29. Layla says:

    I got into Islamic feminism a few months ago, i’m 15 and decided that I wanted to draw my own conculsions about Islam and Science ect. But what i’ve so far discovered is confusion. Islam is a sanctuary but reading (no offense) these kind of blogs just to me make it far more complex and burdensome that , to me. it is. I mean women through out history and in every culture i have come accross (Western, Arabian-what ever) have always been treated as second class. Im not denying the fact that this still happens in the name of Islam by many supposedly ‘muslim’ countries but i just feel like these kind of blogs are here to please the modern world. If people want to learn about Islam then f****** get a Quran and do this thing called READING instead of only LISTENING to media hype. And to be frank as a Muslim i believe God to be all knowledgeable, I dont know exactly why i wear a scarf to worship him but the notion that he is a man is ridculous when in the Quran it clearly states that he is not a man or a women, just God- my creator. Thats it. End Of. That knowledge remains to be the unseen, a test of my faith or maybe just my obedience of things that i dont understand. What comes to mind when i look at Islam and Muslims today is the hadith that only one in the in some seventy something sects will go to heaven. Ofcourse though im not saying that mine or your trail of thought will or will not.

    Anyways Salaam-May God guide as all

    • Metis says:

      Layla, thanks for your comment and welcome to this blog.

      Sorry I didn’t quite understand exactly what you were trying to say. You got into feminism because you wanted to “draw your own conclusions about Islam and *Science*”?
      You are right that religion to its adherents is always a ‘sanctuary’ and indeed that is the purpose of religion. I’m almost your mother’s age (my own daughter is 12 years old) but if she was 15 now and wanted to read this blog, I don’t think I would let her. This blog looks complex and burdensome because that is what it is; at 15 I was rote learning Surah Yaseen, not worrying about the technicalities of Surah Nisaa that I would face as a woman. I feel you are still too young for Islamic feminism and definitely young to understand the discussions taking place on this blog, especially since some of the content is adult in nature and not fit to be perused by you.

      Sorry, I am not discouraging you from reading this blog, but I would advise to another’s child what I would to mine.

  30. Layla says:

    awwwwwwwww thanks 🙂 what i meant was i just feel that people are making islam so much more difficult than it really is , u know? If people have doubts about it than well its up to them what they percieve their purpose in life is. But thanks anways 🙂 u made me smile lol.

  31. Coolred38 says:

    Layla…not sure about other Muslims…but these blogs are created specifically because the Muslims that come here to comment HAVE read the Quran and have questions about what they read and the contradictions they find in practice and understanding etc.

    People who don’t read don’t ask questions…and if they aren’t asking questions you won’t find them on a blog discussing the issue…whether in a pro or con format.

  32. Layla says:

    Are you implying I don’t read the Quran? That’s why i don’t have ‘questions? Well how do u think i came across this blog? I was re searching the meaning of hijab- Google is not helpful on these matters. And i have questions its just that some of them are of things which are of the unseen and not mentioned in the Quran or the hadith but because i have faith in God’s knowledge, i trust that right will be done. And as for my comment that Islam really isn’t so hard to follow- i genially do believe in that. Intention, prayer, fasting, charity and hajj. Equality:
    ‘a women is half of a man’- hadith. A women and a man’s prayer are equal and equally demanded from both of them. And so far in my reading i have not come across the words ‘men are better’ but yes ‘a degree higher’. To me this just refers to their physical strength which usually is greater than women But then some things i just need to research more in order to understand after I’ve read the Quran. Like how there need be for only one man in court as a witness but for women there must be two. I just can’t jump on the bandwagon, you know? I can’t say that Islam- God, is sexist whilst I’m so ignorant. But anwayz so far no clear answers or reliable resources. But hopefully I’ll be rightly guided :).

  33. Coolred38 says:

    I never implied you don’t read the Quran…obviously you do and you have questions, as you stated in your comment…and so here you are. Exactly what my comment indicated.

  34. Helene says:

    Dear Ladies,
    I’m not Muslim, but I found this blog through some specific interests I have. I haven’t had a chance to read all of the above comments, but something caught my eye, and I wish to respond to it.

    Through my readings about Islam, I’ve been puzzled by how much time is spent discussing women, and covering, and to the exclusion of other aspects.

    I read such things as a man looking for a second wife; “must be covered, a niqab is a plus”. Does it matter what’s inside? It seems as if, in an attempt to be lofty, Islam has actually brought religious practice down to a completely secular level, and is obsessed with ephemeral attributes.

    Many thanks for such an intelligent and well constructed blog.

  35. Metis says:

    Hello Helene, Thank you for your comment and welcome to Metis!

    Your observation is spot on. When I started this blog I wanted to never discuss hijab but there can’t be discussion on Muslim women’s lives without a discussion on hijab. I don’t wear it and in the past I didn’t find that to be amusing to Muslims but recently more and more Muslims have opted for the hijab and find it odd when a Muslim woman *decides* not to wear it.

    “It seems as if, in an attempt to be lofty, Islam has actually brought religious practice down to a completely secular level, and is obsessed with ephemeral attributes.”

    But this is a more recent trend so if religion is what and how people at a given time practice it then it is Islam that is doing it, but if religion is independent of contemporary practices of a given time then the fault lies with Muslims and not Islam.

    You are welcome, and thanks to you too for your thought-provoking comment.

  36. Helene says:

    Metis,
    After I sent my first post, I wished I hadn’t sent it, and so I really appreciate that you responded. Unfortunately, one of the temptations of the internet, is to say what is on one’s mind, without any reference to the person one is speaking to, or even knowledge of the context. But these things are on my mind, and I find that I need to talk about these things, and so I end up doing so, and I just hope I don’t do more harm than good. If I do, I hope I can make up for it.

    At first, I thought I understood your second to last paragraph, which is as follows:

    “But this is a more recent trend so if religion is what and how people at a given time practice it then it is Islam that is doing it, but if religion is independent of contemporary practices of a given time then the fault lies with Muslims and not Islam.”

    But after reading it a few times, I realized that I didn’t actually understand it. From the standpoint of choice, and behavior, and consequences, I am wondering if you would permit me to remove the word “fault” . Does this following new wording mean the same thing, or does it change the meaning from what you originally intended:

    ‘But this is a more recent trend so if religion is what and how people at a given time practice it then it is Islam that is doing it, but if religion is independent of contemporary practices of a given time then the concept derives from Muslims and not Islam.’

    Thank you Metis. I have another question, but I’m stuck on this one for now!

  37. Metis says:

    Helene, you are most welcome anytime to comment here and discuss whatever is on your mind. I respect and enjoy discussions.

    I used the word ‘fault’ not to refer to hijab but to refer to “bringing religious practice down to a completely secular level, and getting obsessed with ephemeral attributes.” I feel that religions are inanimate given life by those who practice them and so if there is a feeling (or an observation) that perhaps a religion is becoming secular and is getting obsessed with “ephemeral attributes”, I think it is the people doing it.

  38. […] more: https://musfem.wordpress.com/2010/12/28/what-are-your-views-about-hijab/ « Palestine – Unknown history of non-violence LikeBe the first to like […]

  39. womble says:

    I found this on YouTube today and thought it would go well here:
    Hijab: Hijab Not Islamic but Cultural – Part 1

    Hijab: Hijab Not Islamic but Cultural – Part 2

  40. Reza Shu'aib says:

    Ayat from Qur’an

    Al-Ahzab 33:59

    O Prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to bring down over themselves [part] of their outer garments. That is more suitable that they will be known and not be abused. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful.

    An-Nur 24-31

    And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their headcovers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands, their fathers, their husbands’ fathers, their sons, their husbands’ sons, their brothers, their brothers’ sons, their sisters’ sons, their women, that which their right hands possess, or those male attendants having no physical desire, or children who are not yet aware of the private aspects of women. And let them not stamp their feet to make known what they conceal of their adornment. And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.

    What do you think?

  41. Ammaturrahman says:

    In the name of Allah
    may ALLAH bless you all…
    everybody is talking as if they are experts in the field…
    less knowledge is dangerous. I request everyone plz do read from authentic source.. It is not a matter of choice but we have to wear it because Allah commands us to do.
    I wear complete hijab and it makes me feel great, like a princess.
    If you have eeman nothing will be too hard for you, otherwise even a little deed will be like a mountain.
    Jazak ALLAH.. May ALLAH Taala give you his choisest blessing that is Hidayah..

Comments are closed.